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Reports on Meetings

September 2002

Report on the AITIC / UNCTAD Informal Brainstorming Forum on the Political Economy of the WTO Agriculture Negotiations
(held at AITIC, Rue de Varembé 9, Geneva, on 17 May 2002)

WTO Agricultural Negotiations and the European Union Agricultural Trade Policy
The Outcome of the Doha Ministerial Conference and Developing Countries’ Role
Japan’s Perspectives on the WTO Agriculture Negotiations
Trade Policy Impacts of US Agriculture Policy

I. Introduction

Note 1 : It is worth noting that it was the five Latin American members of the Cairns group that cut short the Mid-Term Review negotiations in Montreal in 1988 and, similarly, these same countries prompted the breakdown of the agriculture negotiations and thus of the Ministerial Conference in Brussels in 1990, where the Uruguay Round was originally set to conclude. (return to text)

Note 2: The group of countries include Cuba, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Haiti, Honduras, Kenya, Nicaragua, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Uganda and Zimbabwe. (return to text)

Note 3: The blue box allows the use of support under certain production limiting programmes, without any requirement that such support be reduced. (return to text)

Note 4: The green box includes supports considered not to distort trade, or to be only minimally trade-distorting, and which are therefore permitted without limit. Green box measures must generally be de-coupled from production, meaning that the support that is provided must not be connected to production decisions. (return to text)

Note 5:Article 13 of the Uruguay Round Agreement on Agriculture (AoA) exempts certain domestic support and export subsidy measures from being challenged in the WTO under the provisions of GATT 1994 and the Agreement on Subsidies and Countervailing Measures for a nine-year period (which expires in 2003) so long as members are meeting their commitments under the AoA. (return to text)